JFK’s Foreign Policy Legacy Offers Lessons For President-Elect Biden

JFK's Foreign Policy

President John F. Kennedy showed a keen interest in foreign policy during his undergraduate time at Harvard. His thesis analyzed Britain’s failure to sustain a military force of similar standing to the Germans in the run-in to WWII.

Kennedy traveled through Europe during his father Joseph’s years as ambassador to Great Britain. He reported on the unfolding political situations he witnessed. President John F. Kennedy studied business during a brief spell at Stanford. He also took courses in international relations and politics. He grasped the importance of foreign policy in general, and anti-communism in particular, for any politician of the time.

Foreign Policy Counts

In 1951, Kennedy delivered a campaign speech in his run for a State Senate seat in Massachusetts.

In this speech, he expounded on the impact of foreign policy on all aspects of daily, stating that factors from expenditure and taxation to domestic prosperity and the social sciences hinged on the war and peace.


The Cold War was the backdrop of JFK’s foreign policy and political career. During his presidency, he witnessed some of the most heated moments of the time

Communism loomed on all fronts. He fought against the threat in third world nations through the Peace Corps.

Vowing to beat the Russians in putting a man on the moon, Kennedy also oversaw the largest accumulation of arms during peace time.

The Bay of Pigs

Kennedy was soon confronted with the first serious foreign policy incident of his tenure. Just weeks after taking office, he learned of a covert CIA plan to overthrow Fidel Castro using an army composed of Cuban exiles. The Cubans were due to land at south Cuba’s Bay of Pigs.

On April 17, 1961, the brigade of exiles arrived as planned in an attempt to excise the first Communist regime in the western hemisphere.

Three days later, with 1198 exiles captured and 114 killed, CIA officers listened to the rebel over the radio informing them he had nothing left and was heading to the woods.

President Kennedy accepted responsibility for the Bay of Pigs incident at a press conference on April 21, even though he privately complained about doing nothing other than acting on the advice he received from the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the CIA.


Shortly after this baptism of fire, Kennedy deployed hundreds of Special Forces troops to Vietnam. They were to train and guide local soldiers in the south against the Communist North.

This was the start of an influx of more than 15,000 American troops into Vietnam over the following two years.

U.S. involvement in South East Asia was Kennedy’s most enduring legacy as far as foreign policy goes. At the time, though, few Americans grasped the depth of the task that lie ahead.

The Berlin Wall

Kennedy met with Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet Premier, in Vienna in 1961. He hoped they would arrive at a way of staving off simmering confrontation.

Khrushchev wanted to stem the tide of refugees from Communism in Germany. He claimed that if Kennedy stepped in, war would follow.

There was no resolution by the end of this summit.

Kennedy showed started ramping up the size of U.S. forces in response. He also obtained billions of dollars in funding for both conventional and nuclear weapons.

The Russians constructed the Berlin Wall that summer which Kennedy stated was “better than a war.”

Cuban Missile Crisis

Kennedy’s foreign policy success was the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. This was the closest we have been to nuclear war, a situation averted by Kennedy.

JFK Foreign Policy: Cuban Missile Crisis

American pilots took photographs showing that the Soviets were installing missile bases in Cuba counter to the promises of Khrushchev that he was not arming the Cubans with these weapons.

In response, Kennedy formed Ex Comm (Executive Committee of the National Security Council) with former cabinet members and advisers.

This committee found no evidence of nuclear warheads for missile on the island. Subsequent documents declassified by the Soviets shows that there were indeed 134 nuclear warheads accounted for in Cuba.

The Cuba Blockade

Kennedy addressed the nation on October 22. This was the first time that the Soviets realized they had been noticed in Cuba.

In his speech, Kennedy outlined the fact that he conceived of no other purpose for the missile sites than providing the ability for a nuclear strike against the west.

The President then announced a blockade against Cuba, declaring that any attack stemming from Cuba would be interpreted as a Soviet attack demanding a response in kind. Stepping up military readiness, Kennedy requested an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council.

Russia’s Attitude

Adlai Stevenson, the UN’s U.S. Ambassador, offered undeniable proof of these missile installations the following day in the form of photographs. The Soviet representative still denied these charges.

Stevenson’s presentation started shifting world opinion in favor of the U.S. Later that night Kennedy contacted Anatoly Dobrynin, Soviet ambassador. Through this connection, he forged a channel of communication with Premier Khrushchev.

As the world edged ever nearer to war, Soviet ships came up to the blockade and then slowed down before turning back.

A few days later, the shooting down of a reconnaissance plane prompted the call for American military action, but President Kennedy would not sanction an invasion.

Russians Climb Down

On October 28, Khrushchev conceded that he would remove these missiles on condition that the U.S. did not invade Cuba.

While Kennedy made private assurances he would remove U.S. missiles from Turkey, he stopped short of declaring this in public. Fidel Castro wasn’t consulted by Khrushchev. He delivered a speech days later at the University of Havana accusing the Soviet premier of lacking “cojones”.

Foreign Policy Win

In the wake of the Cuban Missile Crisis, Kennedy’s stock rose. Less than 2 years after the botched invasion of Cuba, the missile crisis showcased Kennedy’s bravado and diplomatic know-how.

103 thoughts on “JFK’s Foreign Policy Legacy Offers Lessons For President-Elect Biden

  1. winstrol kuur says:

    142540 294015Oh my goodness! a amazing post dude. Thanks Even so My business is experiencing problem with ur rss . Do not know why Struggling to join it. Is there anybody getting identical rss concern? Anyone who knows kindly respond. Thnkx 613214

  2. aromasine says:

    52306 760598Hi my loved one! I wish to say that this post is remarkable, excellent written and come with almost all crucial infos. I would like to see a lot more posts like this . 431302

  3. รับทำบัญชี says:

    695799 614784I discovered your weblog web site on google and check some of your early posts. Continue to keep up the quite great operate. I just additional up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Seeking forward to reading far more from you later on! 151620

  4. mcx spear for sale says:

    205538 547852Visiting begin a business venture around the internet normally indicates exposing your products or services moreover provider not only to some individuals inside your town, but however to lots of future prospects who may be more than the internet numerous times. easy internet business 595196

  5. briansclub fullz says:

    15852 283347Chaga mushroom tea leaf is thought-about any adverse health elixir at Spain, Siberia and a lot of n . Countries in europe sadly contains before you go ahead significantly avoidable the main limelight under western culture. Mushroom 754472

  6. briansclub 2023 says:

    890102 920304Currently it seems like BlogEngine is the best blogging platform out there appropriate now. (from what Ive read) Is that what you are using on your weblog? 144455

  7. mossberg 12 gauge pump says:

    787259 162063There couple of fascinating points at some point in this posting but I dont determine if these people center to heart. There is some validity but Let me take hold opinion until I check into it further. Great write-up , thanks and then we want far more! Combined with FeedBurner in addition 800680

  8. Locksmith Temple City says:

    366936 196080If you happen to significant fortunate folks forms, referring by natural indicates, furthermore you catch the attention of some sort of envy in consideration of those types the other campers surrounding you which have tough times about this topic. awnings 99563

  9. greenapplesgarden.com says:

    355184 532720Hiya! Fantastic blog! I happen to be a daily visitor to your site (somewhat more like addict ) of this website. Just wanted to say I appreciate your blogs and am searching forward for a lot more to come! 162446

  10. What is Kajabi? says:

    402131 189425Immer etliche Firmen bentzen heutzutage Interimmanagement als innovatives und ergnzendes Gertschaft i. Spanne der Unternehmensfhrung. Denn hiermit wird Kenntnisstand leistungsfhig, bedarfsgerecht und schnell ins Unternehmen geholt. 675351

  11. ARMA 3 hacks says:

    895235 943716Thanks for one more informative post. Exactly where else could anyone get that kind of information in such a effortless to comprehend way of presentation. 602285

  12. gate.io says:

    I may need your help. I’ve been doing research on gate io recently, and I’ve tried a lot of different things. Later, I read your article, and I think your way of writing has given me some innovative ideas, thank you very much.

  13. Zweefparasol says:

    306218 814452Wow, superb weblog structure! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging glance easy. The total look of your internet site is exceptional, neatly as the content material! 913919

  14. Tesla function says:

    317245 40895An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I believe that you require to write a lot more on this matter, it could not be a taboo topic but usually individuals are not enough to speak on such topics. Towards the next. Cheers 767411

  15. Bit says:

    Build marketing strategies for LinkedIn, Shopify, and other business-based social media platforms in this class. You’ll begin by reviewing the different platforms and learning how to determine which are the best for your business. From there, you’ll find out how to identify and reach your target audience through business-based content. Finally, you’ll learn about the marketing features on LinkedIn and leverage Shopify to promote your products services. The course is designed to provide business leaders and marketing professionals with an understanding of how social media affects the business, organization, or society in which they operate. The tools and frameworks taught in the course can be applied across a wide number of contexts to help professionals navigate the complexity of social media and leverage it to engage audiences and drive action.
    05 01 2023 04:00 PM EDT Although, one story the network really honed in on was the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. CNN’s coverage even briefly pushed it past Fox News for a few hours. But CNN was also criticized for exploiting the story, especially anchor Don Lemon’s use of a toy plane to illustrate a point. (July 21, 2021) Roughly one-third of Americans (34%) say Lemon’s ouster will have no effect on CNN overall, but those who say it will have an effect are more likely to say it will be good for the network (26%) than bad (10%). People who watch CNN more than other cable news networks are even more likely to view Lemon’s departure as good (40%) rather than bad (11%) for the network. Those are sore spots at CNN, where network head Chris Licht has been trying to get Republicans to set aside their suspicion of the network and appear for interviews.

  16. Ciz says:

    Коментарът на държавния глава е във връзка с разговорите между парламентарните … Бритaнец пeчeли мaлкo нaд 13 млн. лири, кoeтo ce рaвнявa нa 17,2 милиона щaтcки дoлaрa в aнглийcкo oнлaйн кaзинo. Той открива сметката си в казиното 30 минути преди да преобърне изцяло живота си. Пeчaлбaтa му влизa в рeкoрдитe нa Гинec, кaтo нaй-гoлeмият джaкпoт, cпeчeлeн oт oнлaйн рoтaтивкa, a кaзинoтo прaви крaтък дoкумeнтaлeн филм зa пeчeлившия и невероятния му късмет. Казино онлайн | Онлайн хазарт | Големи казина | Казино Ринг
    Безплатните завъртания са предимно за конкретен слот или спокойна селекция от слотове. След това можете да използвате само своите безплатни завъртания при депозит в този слот. Отличен пример за комбиниран бонус от безплатни завъртания и бонус пари може да се намери в Unibet. Казиното ви предлага изключително добра 100% отстъпка от дори €300 и 50 безплатни завъртания отгоре. Бонусите?! Сакралната дума, която може да ви превърне в истински богати, ако сте търпеливи и имате малко късмет. Убеден съм, че абсолютно всеки казино любител няма да откаже хубава промоция, която ще му даде шанс да натрупа още малко печалба в игровата си сметка. А какво по-добро предложение от любимите на всички оферти за казино бонус без депозит…

  17. Richardflots says:

    Trade Station is a centralized crypto exchange for active cryptocurrency traders who can venture into other securities such as mutual funds, bonds, and stocks. Its desktop application is robust, making it a leader among crypto exchanges. Users can utilize its mobile and web-based variations to trade on the platform. The announcements by MEXC come at a time when the crypto market is starting to experience an uptick in trading volume across several platforms after months of a bear market. “By eliminating fees first on BTC and now ETH, we are … raising awareness for the high fees consumers are paying on other platforms, and helping to restore trust in the greater ecosystem,” said Brian Shroder, CEO and president of Binance.US, in a press release. Furthermore, for crypto withdrawals, there are also network fees. Notably, the spread fee is hidden, suggesting that users won’t know the spread they are paying for a trade.
    However, this method is riddled with its own issues. There is the chance that the NFT giveaway will be non-existent, and just a method to gain new followers. Worse, there are many active scammers around the cryptocurrency space, with offering free NFTs a popular method used by these individuals. One must practice absolute discretion while conducting any NFT proceedings online, especially when considering free NFTs. This is not the first time Crypto has had a run-in with the ASA, as back in January, the exchange had two adverts flagged by the regulator. The first ad was published on the Daily Mail app, with the text “Buy bitcoin with credit card instantly,” while the second purported to imply that investors could earn up to 8.5% per annum.

  18. lor says:

    Like most slot games, Double Cherry slot machine has room for improvement. Here are a few drawbacks: Another classic IGT game I’ve been giving some attention lately, aside from Double Diamond, is Double Wild Cherry. Double Wild Cherry is a variation on the Wild Cherry game, but features pay table tweaks. Slotberry – Vegas Casino Slots You are a slot newbie and want to try out a host of different games? Then here’s some handy advice for our slot machines. If you wish to play Wild Cherries slot machine online, you can do so in the following ways. Don’t waste your time pilfering through hundreds of bad slot machines on the internet, just play the best with 247 Slots! Wild Cherry Slots is the best free casino slot games for your android device, download it today and start winning huge jackpots like youve never experienced before.
    Situs slot to kecil merupakan salah satu agen judi slot online yang menyediakan bonus new member 100% di awal yang biasa juga di kenal sebagai situs Depo 25 bonus 25 yang lagi populer di internet terutama di mesin pencarian google saat ini. Selain Depo 25 bonus 25 to 5x kecil masih ada lagi promo yang bisa kamu pilih untuk kamu mainkan salah satunya adalah situs Depo 20 bonus 20 To 3X 5X 8X 10X 15X 18X kecil. Pasti tetap ada beberapa orang yang bertanya-tanya apasih itu Slot Gacor? Slot Gacor sendiri merupakan makna dari permainan judi slot gacor gampang menang jackpot terbesar yang termasuk tawarkan beragam macam model daftar situs BO Slot Online Gacor Terbaik Gampang Menang Jackpot Saat Ini. PG SOFT Play sebagai BO Slot Resmi Gacor di Indonesia menambahkan seluruh game slot online yang mampu berikan bettors slot gacor anti kalah hadiah jackpot bersama dengan kelipatan menakjubkan dan juga bonus karena kita mempunyai bonus new member terbesar bersama dengan promo winrate tertinggi.

  19. gok says:

    Copyright © 2021 SPIL GAMES All rights reserved. Go beyond monitoring and discussions—regularly play video games with your children. Not a gamer? Let your child be your teacher. Gaming with your children not only ensures an accurate understanding and truly open communication, it strengthens your bond by through shared experiences and the tacit validation of engaging with your children in their forums and activities of their choice. Ramogames brings parents, kids, and teachers together. This game has fun educational programs you can use to teach your little one or that they can play on their own. Kids can engage in hundreds of free math, English, geography, logic, and puzzle games they can play on the computer or iPhone. Where we process Information for marketing \r\npurposes, we process the Information while you remain interested in the \r\nmarketing (for example, where you open and read our offers) and for \r\nthree years after that point. If you ask us to stop sending marketing we\r\n will keep your Information for a short period after this (to allow us \r\nto implement your requests).
    Bartender The Wedding Stuck? See how to complete the game. You can pick between vodka, whisky, triple sec, champagne or whatever you find over there at the bar to combine with different sorts of juice, soda, ice and lemon. Help Miguel, the bartender, prepare the perfect cocktails selecting every ingredient and watch how he reacts after tasting them. Have fun playing Bartender The Right Mix! Bartender The Wedding Bartender The Celeb Mix Controls: Mouse Bartender The Celeb Mix Penguin Diner 2 Bartender The Wedding Stuck? See how to complete the game. This game can be played in any web browser (both mobile and desktop browsers). Y8 Achievements You can pick between vodka, whisky, triple sec, champagne or whatever you find over there at the bar to combine with different sorts of juice, soda, ice and lemon. Help Miguel, the bartender, prepare the perfect cocktails selecting every ingredient and watch how he reacts after tasting them. Have fun playing Bartender The Right Mix!

  20. Fek says:

    Jugar es muy fácil y rápido, en realidad en esta Ruleta eres tú quien marca el ritmo de la partida. Puedes jugar al tipo que prefieras: desde sesiones con apuestas sencillas a un único número o a suertes sencillas tipo color (si saldrá un número rojo o uno negro), hasta desplegar por el tapete jugadas mucho más complejas, con solo un par de clics. Probabilidad de Éxito = Factor de Éxito x 100% Únete al casino que más rápido crece de Europa en casumoaffiliates es Correo electrónico* Otro de los sistemas que te pueden servir como trucos para ganar a la ruleta puede ser el sismema Fibonacci. Este sistema, pese a que era ya conocido por los matemáticos indios del Siglo VI, planteaba en Liber Abaci de Leonardo un problema relacionado con el crecimiento de la población. Un trabajo que con el paso del tiempo se fue adaptando a la hora de jugar a la ruleta, donde los jugadores lo han aplicado con bastante éxito.
    Las máquinas tragamonedas gratis son versiones de demostración para probar juegos gratis con las mismas características que en las slots online por dinero real. Las slots gratis sirven para conocer cómo funciona un juego en la práctica, cuáles son sus funciones de bonificación, el ritmo de juego y las opciones de configuración de los pagos. Tocan lo mismo que en su versión de pago, a excepción de las máquinas tragamonedas online con jackpot en red, porque esta función solo se activa cuando se apuesta dinero real. -El modo demo de tragamonedas y decenas de juegos en casinos gratis es una forma sencilla de entretenimiento, especialmente en Latinoamérica, potenciada con la crecida de la alternativa a un clic. Aposté a caballos y perros y no he visto una carrera en casi 4 años, notamos que. Se puede ganar en las tragaperras 2023 no tiene un gran número de características, si bien damos la bienvenida a los nuevos jugadores con una generosa oferta de bonificación de giros gratis sin depósito.

  21. taf says:

    One thing you will have to learn about when you claim a no deposit welcome bonus in online casino sites is the wagering requirements that are in place. No online casino will simply give away money. While you can receive your free cash and zar casino free spins just for signing up, you will have to make fund an account to remove winnings from the account. One of the great things about playing at an online casino is the offering of payment methods. Since you will not be using physical cash, you will have the option to choose from trusted methods through the casino cashier. The best casinos will offer multiple options that can include major credit and debit cards, prepaid cards, ewallets, bank transfers, and even cryptocurrencies. You will also be able to choose from supported currencies when conducting any transaction. Mind that credit cards are not widely accepted in south african online casinos, we advice instant eft options over the use of credit cards.
    These new-user bonus links can be found in various places on this page. For instance, our Caesars Online Casino new-user offer sends the prospective online casino gambler to Caesars Online Casino—via the web browser desktop platform, the Caesars Casino mobile app, or the iOS Apple App Store or Android Google Play en route to downloading the app—and makes it easy for the new digital casino player to take advantage of the casino’s new-user bonus (a $1,000 Deposit Match and $10 Casino Bonus). Generally, yes. As long as online casinos are legal, adhere to the latest regulations, and you follow local laws, they should be safe to play at. Making sure you choose a safe online casino is very important, which is why most players read casino reviews before making their choice. You can also stay safer while playing in a casino by using a secure connection, not sharing your banking details, and knowing your limits.

  22. ICO Contract Generator says:

    Hi there I am so thrilled I found your web site, I really found you by mistake, while I was searching on Google for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a tremendous post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the minute but I have saved it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the great job.

  23. führerschein kaufen legal says:

    lkw führerschein kaufen legal, führerschein kaufen ohne vorkasse, registrierten führerschein kaufen erfahrungen, führerschein kaufen erfahrungen, führerschein kaufen ohne prüfung Köln, führerschein kaufen österreich, führerschein kaufen ohne prüfung österreich, führerschein kaufen ohne prüfung österreich, führerschein kaufen in österreich, führerschein kaufen Frankfurt, führerschein kaufen schweiz. https://registriertenfuhrerschein.com/

  24. Acheter permis de conduire says:

    acheter permis de conduire en ligne, acheter un permis de conduire belge, achat permis de conduire, acheter un permis de conduire, acheter permis de conduire belgique, acheter le permis de conduire, permis de conduire acheter, faux permis de conduire belge, j’ai acheter mon permis de conduire sur internet, acheter son permis de conduire belgique, acheter son permis de conduire légalement, acheter un vrai permis de conduire, acheter permis moto a2, acheter permis moto étranger, Acheter permis de conduire enregistré, acheter permis de conduire enregistré en préfecture forum, permis de conduire légalement enregistré.

  25. comprare patente says:

    comprare una patente, Comprare la patente di guida reale e registrata dal nostro sito Web senza scrivere esami o sostenere il test pratico. tutto ciò di cui abbiamo bisogno sono i tuoi dati e saranno registrati nel sistema entro i prossimi otto giorni. La patente di guida deve seguire la stessa procedura di registrazione di quelle rilasciate nelle autoscuole, l’unica differenza qui è che non dovrai sostenere gli esami, comprare patente b.

  26. comprar carta de conduçao says:

    comprar carta de conduçao preço, comprar carta de condução verdadeira, comprar carta de conduçao, comprar carta de condução lisboa, comprar carta de condução legal, comprar carta de condução, carta de condução comprar, comprar carta de conduçao, comprar carta de condução em portugal, comprar carta, comprar carta de condução portugal, comprar carta de condução online, comprar a carta de condução, carta de condução, comprar carta de carro, imt carta de condução, comprar carta de condução no porto

  27. rijbewijs kopen says:

    Kopen een echt en geregistreerd rijbewijs van onze website zonder examens te schrijven of de oefentest te doen. alles wat we nodig hebben zijn uw gegevens en deze zouden binnen de komende acht dagen in het systeem worden geregistreerd. rijbewijs kopen belgië, rijbewijs kopen belgie, rijbewijs kopen in nederland, rijbewijs b belgie, rijbewijs kopen met registratie.

  28. führerschein kaufen legal says:

    motorrad  führerschein kaufen , lkw führerschein kaufen ohne prüfung österreich, bus führerschein kosten österreich. führerschein online kaufen, auto c ohne prüfung köln, führerschein klasse b kaufen, deutschen registrierten führerschein kaufen berlin, österreich führerschein kaufen legal in deutschland, führerschein in deutschland kaufen, PKW führerschein kaufen österreich, deutschen führerschein legal kaufen in österreich, kaufe deutschen führerschein, eu-führerschein kaufen,wie viel kostet der führerschein in österreich. https://fuhrerscheinkaufen-legal.com/

  29. comprare patente says:

    e legale comprare la patente, comprare una patente napoli, patente originale, comprare patente c, acquisto patente b, comprare patente prezzo, compro patente, acquistare patente b napoli, dove posso comprare la patente b, compra patente online, comprare patente b online, comprare la patente a napoli, dove si può comprare la patente, quanto costa comprare la patente, comprare patente di guida, comprare patente senza esame, patente comprata prezzo, come comprare patente b napoli, comprare patente a, patente online comprare, quanto costa la patente a napoli, patente Nautica.

  30. bootsführerschein kaufen says:

    sportbootführerschein binnen und see, sportbootführerschein binnen prüfungsfragen, sportbootführerschein binnen kosten, sportbootführerschein binnen online, sportbootführerschein binnen wo darf ich fahren, sportbootführerschein binnen berlin, sportbootführerschein binnen segel, sportbootführerschein kaufen, sportbootführerschein kaufen erfahrungen, sportbootführerschein kaufen schwarz, sportbootführerschein see kaufen, sportbootführerschein binnen kaufen, sportbootführerschein see kaufen ohne prüfung, bootsführerschein kaufen, bootsführerschein kaufen polen, bootsführerschein kaufen erfahrungen, bootsführerschein online kaufen, bootsführerschein tschechien kaufen. https://sportbootfuhrerscheinkaufen.com/

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *